Scalp is the skin that covers the skull. It is skin on which the hair grows. The scalp can be affected by so many conditions. Any condition affecting the scalp also affects the hair growing on it and can therefore lead to hair loss and other problems. Such hair always break off, thin out, fall off, or grow slowly.
Why Are Scalp Conditions Important?
Men can handle baldness when they are older. Younger men and all women highly value their hair since it is the hair that bears the brunt of all scalp conditions. The skin of the scalp provides the surface on which hairs attack and grow. It also provides nourishment to the hairs. Anything that interferes with the integrity scalp skin will have adverse effects on the quality of the hair that grows.
Scalp disorders can cause baldness, itchiness of the scalp, production of dandruff, poor hair quality and sometimes pain. People with hair conditions are not comfortable because of the perceived and sometimes evident lack of hygiene and the complications that can arise from such conditions. This can cause serious psychological torture especially for women.
The Common Scalp Conditions
There are many conditions that can affect the skin of the scalp. Most of them are as a result of inflammatory processes while others result from infections and yet others from unknown sources. Here are the major conditions:
This is defined as loss of hair from the head or from the skin. It can be caused by many conditions affecting hair growth. Topmost among them is a disease known as systemic lupus erythematous (lupus hair loss), use of certain medications as well as infection of the skin. Poor nutrition as well as a host of many other influences can also cause alopecia.
Itching, flaking and crusting of the scalp:
These symptoms can be produced by many conditions. The first is cradle scalp which is seen in babies and characterized by oily, yellow crusting of the scalp. This is not a pathological condition but quite common in babies.
It is perhaps the most common skin condition. It is characterized by white flakes on the shoulders, head and neck due to shedding of the skin of the scalp. It is caused by a skin condition known as eczema, fungal infection and worsened by seasonal or hormonal changes. The other causes of itchy, flaky and crusted scalp skin include head lice, ringworm and certain chronic skin diseases such as seborrhea and psoriasis.
Blisters, sores and bumps on skin of the scalp:
These are usually painful and also develop on the scalp. It has many causes including acne, infection of the skin itself or the hair shaft, an allergic reaction on the skin as in atopic dermatitis, infection of the scalp skin by viruses affecting the skin, and cysts of sebaceous glands.
How Are Scalp Conditions Treated?
Each of these conditions has their own treatment method. The best thing to do is to identify the specific underlying condition and treat it. The preventive methods for scalp diseases are to make sure that the skin of the scalp is clean and seeking early treatment for any condition when it surfaces.